FOMO2022 Invited Talk

  • FOMO2022,  FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Probing Many Body Quantum Systems by Matter Wave Interference

    Jörg SchmiedmayerVienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology (VCQ), Atominstitut, TU-Wien Interacting many body quantum systems, their dynamics and relaxation, are at the centre of many interesting physics problems ranging from particle creation in the early universe to the properties of quantum materials.Ultra-cold atoms are a model system to build quantum many body systems and study their description by quantum fields in the lab. In this talk I will give an overview of the different possibilities interference experiments offer to probe many body systems and their underlying quantum description.In a first set of experiments, we look at a quench which splits a single one-dimensional system (quantum field) into two parallel…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Quantum Gases in Space for Fundamental Physics and Earth Observation

    Naceur Gaaloul Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany Space-borne quantum technologies and more particularly atom-based devices are announcing a new era of strategic, intense space exploitation. Indeed, space offers a unique environment characterized by low noise and low-gravity necessary for a wide spectrum of applications ranging from time and frequency transfer to Earth observation and the exploration of fundamental laws of physics.In this contribution, we report about two recent mission concepts based on the use of quantum-gas sensors. The first is the satellite mission Space-Time Explorer and QUantum Equivalence Principle Space Test (STE-QUEST), currently a phase-2 candidate for the M7 launch opportunity of the European Space Agency’s science programme. STE-QUEST, with…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Observation of a gravitational Aharonov-Bohm effect and its implications for quantum superpositions of Newtonian gravitational fields

    Mark KasevichStanford University, USA The gravitational interaction of a tungsten source mass with atomic wavepackets has been observed in an atom deBroglie wave interferometer, in a regime where the separation distance between the interfering wavepackets is comparable to their distance to the source mass.  We will discuss this experiment in the context of Aharonov-Bohm effects.  We will describe the relevance of these results to observation of quantum superpositions of Newtonian gravitational fields.

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Wolfgang Schleich

    Invited Talk: Helmut Rauch and matter wave interferometry

    Wolfgang P. Schleich1 Institut für Quantenphysik and Center for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology(IQST), Universität Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm, Germany2 Hagler Institute for Advanced Study and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Institutefor Quantum Science and Engineering (IQSE), Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Texas A&MUniversity, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA In this talk we pay respect to the impressive achievements of Helmut Rauch not only in the field of neutron optics but also his paving the way of matter wave interferometry. His numerous discoveries and deep insight into the inner workings of quantum mechanics have been a guidance to all of us.The superposition principle is a cornerstone of quantum mechanics and…

  • Anna Minguzzi,  FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Persistent currents for ultracold fermions on a ring

    Anna MinguzziCNRS and  Universite Grenoble Alpes, LPMMC, Grenoble France We study the persistent currents of an interacting  Fermi gas confined in a tightly confining ring trap and subjected to an artificial gauge field. For attractive interactions, we study the currents all through the BCS-BEC crossover. At weak attractions, on the BCS side, fermions display a parity effect in the persistent currents, i.e. their response to the gauge field is paramagnetic or diamagnetic depending on the number of pairs on the ring. At resonance and on the BEC side of the crossover, we find a halving of the periodicity of the ground-state energy as a function of the artificial gauge field…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Clock Atom Interferometry and Floquet Atom Optics

    Jan Rudolph,1 Thomas Wilkason,2 Megan Nantel,2 Yijun Jiang,2 Benjamin E. Garber,1 Hunter Swan,1 Samuel P. Carman,1 Mahiro Abe,1 and Jason M. Hogan11Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA2Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA Clock atom interferometry (AI) describes the coherent manipulation of an atomic two-level system separated by an optical frequency difference. It makes use of narrow transitions to metastable statescommonly used in optical atomic clocks. In contrast to conventional AI, such transitions can be driven resonantly using a single laser beam, which has promising implications for the suppression of laser frequency noise [1], a fundamental limitation for some of the most challenging applications…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Holger Müller

    Invited Talk: One-minute coherence in an optical-lattice based atom interferometer

    Holger MuellerUC Berkeley In quantum metrology and quantum information processing, a nonclassical state must undergo a quantum process before unwanted interactions with the environment lead to decoherence. In atom interferometry, the nonclassical state is a coherent spatial superposition of partial wave packets and the process might be, e.g., accumulation of sufficient phase shift to allow detection of extremely weak interactions, such as the gravitational field of a small proof mass. The coherence in atomic fountains is limited by the available free-fall time in Earth’s gravitational field. This can be overcome by suspending the wave packets in an optical lattice, which has so far reached up to 20 s of coherence,…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Joint mass-and-energy test of the equivalence principle with atom interferometers

    Ming-Sheng Zhan11Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Innovation Academy for Precision Measurement Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China The equivalence principle (EP) is a basic assumption of the general relativity. Quantum test of EP with atoms is an important way to examine the applicable scope of the current physical framework, so as to discover new physics. Recently we improve the four-wave double-diffraction Raman transition method (4WDR) [1] we proposed before to select atoms with a certain mass and angular momentum state, and form a dual-species atom interferometer. By using the extended 4WDR to 85Rb and 87Rb atoms with specified mass and internal energy we carry out…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Yuji Hasegawa

    Invited Talk: Neutron interferometry for studies of experimental quantum mechanics

    Yuji Hasegawa1,21Atominstitut, TU-Wien, Stadionallee 2, A-1020 Vienna, AUSTRIA2Division of Applied Physics, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0808, JAPAN Neutron interferometers provide ideal situations of experimental observations of interference between coherently split, well-separated beams of matter waves, in this case neutron de Broglie waves. Interferometers made of perfect silicon crystal was invented for x-rays in 1964 and first performance with neutrons was confirmed by Rauch, Treimer and Bonse at the Atominstitut, Vienna in 1974. The Atominstitut was distinguished as an European-Physical-Society (EPS) Historic Site on 22 May 2019. Over the past almost half century, neutron interferometer experiments are bringing impact on fundamental quantum and neutron physics [1-3].Since the time-independent Schrödinger equation, i.e.,…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Hélène Perrin

    Invited Talk: Superfluid quantum Bose gas on a shell

    Hélène PerrinUniversité Sorbonne, France Quantum gases provide us with a very convenient and widely tunable system for the study of superfluidity. In particular, they can be confined in a large variety of geometries (harmonic traps, optical lattices, box traps, lower dimensional traps…), enabling the study of superfluid dynamics with specific constrains. In this talk I will present the behaviour of a superfluid quantum gas confined at the surface of an ellipsoid: the atoms can move freely in directions parallel to the surface and are strongly confined in the transverse direction. In a first series of experiments, the atoms initially at rest at the bottom of the shell -because of gravity-…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Saïda Guellati-Khélifa

    Invited Talk: Determination of the fine-structure constant using atom interferometry

    Léo Morel1, Zhibin Yao1, P. Cladé1 and S. Guellati-Khelifa1,21Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, Sorbonne University, CNRS, ENS-PSL University, College de France, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France2Conservatoire National des Arts est Métiers, 292 rue Saint Martin, 75003 Paris, France To test the standard model, we need to know the parameters that scale the fundamental interactions. Among them, the fine structure constant which characterizes the strength of the electromagnetic interaction and thus plays a crucial role in quantum electrodynamics calculations. Using atom interferometry to measure the quotient ħ/mRb of the reduced Planck’s constant and the mass of a rubidium-87 atom, we obtained the most accurate determination of the fine structure constant α=1/137.035999206(11) with…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Accurate measurement of atom surface Casimir-Polder interaction

    C. Garcion1, J. Lecore1, Q. Bouton1, N. Fabre1, F. Perales1, M. Ducloy1, and G. Dutier1, S. Scheel2, N. Gaaloul3 1Universite Sorbonne Paris Nord, Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, CNRS, (UMR 7538), F-93430, Villetaneuse, France2Institut fur Physik, Universitat Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Strae 23-24, D-18059 Rostock, Germany and3Institute of Quantum Optics (IQO), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University, 30167 Hannover Germany Atom surface Casimir-Polder potential is intrinsically dicult to measure due to distances between atom and surface smaller than few 100 nm. To conceive an experiment devoted to an accurate measurement in such a range of distance is complicated. We have chosen to build an hybrid system using nanotechnology facilities and cold atoms potentiality. We realised,…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Uros Delic

    Invited Talk: Quantum control of an array of optically levitated nanoparticles

    Uros DelicUniversity of Vienna The field of quantum optomechanics aims to exploit light-matter interaction in order to realize macroscopic quantum states of massive solid-state mechanical objects. Within optomechanics, optically levitated dielectric nanoparticles have emerged as a promising platform for tests of fundamental physics, development of novel sensing techniques or investigation of complex non-equilibrium physics. Optical trapping provides unique possibilities for quantum state preparation, for example through engineering of dynamic and nonlinear optical potentials. I will discuss recent experimental advances in levitated optomechanics, such as the motional quantum ground state preparation [1] and the observation of non-reciprocal optical interactions between two nanoparticles [2]. The rapidly developing control toolbox allows us to…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Peter Hommelhoff

    Invited Talk: From new ways of free electron control to the coherence of multi-electron pulses

    Peter HommelhoffUniversity of Erlangen, Germany Electric and magnetic fields generated from microstructures allow complex field configurations. We use this approach to build chip-based guides, i.e. two-dimensional Paul traps, for free low-energy electrons (1 eV to keV level). In addition, we have demonstrated guided electron beamsplitters and other elements, ideally suited for matter wave experiments with electrons.  In the second part of the talk, I will show that fully coherent electron beams can be easily generated from needle tip emitters, including coherent electron pulses with femtosecond time resolution. Because of the charged nature of the electrons, their coherence is reduced even for a mean number of 1 electron per pulse due…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Oliver Buchmueller

    Invited Talk: Cold Atom Quantum Technology to Explore Fundamental Physics

    Oliver BuchmuellerImperial College London I will outline in the presentation the scientific opportunities of a multi-stage programme based on cold atom quantum technology. The central goals of the programme are to search for ultra-light dark matter, to explore gravitational waves in the mid-frequency range between the peak sensitivities of LISA and LIGO/Virgo/ KAGRA/INDIGO/Einstein Telescope/Cosmic Explorer experiments, and to probe other frontiers in fundamental physics.  This programme would complement other planned searches for dark matter, as well as probe mergers involving intermediate-mass black holes and explore early-universe cosmology.I will especially focus on key activities in the field: the recently funded AION project [1] in the UK, the proposed space mission proposal…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Creating a massive minimal uncertainty wavepacket using Gross-Pitaevskii breathers

    Maxim Olshanii (Olchanyi)University of Massachusetts Boston We assess the difficulties in creating a provably coherent quantum state of a relative motion of two bosonic solitons using Gross-Pitaevskii breathers. The scheme for creating such state-a four-fold quench of the interactions applied to a bosonic soliton is not new. However, an experimental proof of a macroscopic coherence is difficult. Our proposal is to suggest a protocol where variances of the relative distance and the relative momentum are experimentally accessible: then whenever the product of the two gets close to the Heisenberg uncertainty limit, such state can be declared to be coherent. We present an extensive numerical study on the subject.The projects are…

  • Baptiste Batellier,  FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Strapdown Quantum Inertial Measurement Unit

    B. Battelier, Q. d’Armagnac de Castanet, and P. BouyerLP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences,Université Bordeaux–IOGS–CNRS:UMR 5298, 1 rue Francois Mitterrand, 33400 Talence, France S. Templier, P. Cheiney, B. Gouraud, V. Jarlaud, V. Menoret, B. Desruelle, H. Porte, and F. NapolitanoiXblue, 34 rue de la Croix de Fer, 78105 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France B. BarrettDepartment of Physics, University of New Brunswick,8 Bailey Dr., Fredericton NB, E3B 5A3, Canada Since their first demonstration in the early 1990s, atom interferometers have proven to be excellent absolute inertial sensors—having been exploited as ultra-high sensitivity instruments for fundamental tests of physics and as state-of-the-art atomic gravimeters. As a result, they have been proposed as next generation sensors…

  • Dylan O Sabulsky,  FOMO2022 Invited Talk

    Invited Talk: Multi-photon Atom Interferometry via cavity-enhanced Bragg Diffraction

    D. O. Sabulsky1, J. Junca 1, X. Zou1, A. Bertoldi1, M. Prevedelli2, Q. Beaufils3, R. Geiger3, A. Landragin3, P. Bouyer1, and B. Canuel1 (MIGA Consortium) 1 LP2N, Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Université Bordeaux-IOGS-CNRS:UMR 5298, rue F. Mitterrand, F-33400 Talence, France2 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Bologna, Via Berti-Pichat 6/2, I-40126 Bologna, Italy3 LNE-SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 61 avenue de l´Observatoire, F-75014 Paris, France(Dated: August 22, 2022) We present our horizontal multi-photon atom interferometer driven via Bragg diffraction enhanced in an optical resonator. A large interrogation mode (4 mm 1/e2 diameter) is necessary in such a system, as the atoms cross the interrogation…

  • FOMO2022 Invited Talk,  Wolf von Klitzing

    Invited Talk: Matter-Waves lensing in Dynamic Wave-Guides

    Giannis Drougakis1,Saurabh Pandey1,2,4, Hector Mas1,3,5, Vishnupriya Puthiya Veettil1,  Georgios Vasilakis1, and Wolf von Klitzing1,†  Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Heraklion 70013, Greece Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, Heraklion 70013, Greece Department of Physics, University of Crete, Heraklion 70013, Greece  Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109, USA  Mattewaves are promising candidates for the realization of extremely sensitive sensors. Some of the most sensitive and precise measurements to date of gravity[1],  inertia[2],  and rotation[3]  are based on matter-wave interferometry with free-falling atomic clouds. A critical requirement to achieve very high…